The history of Namangan City
Namangan is considered to be one of the most ancient cities of the country and according to historical sources its establishment comes from 1610 s years. The main relievo of the city is characterized as flat area. The surface of the land decreases from North to South and from West to East respectively. Climate of the area is critically continental but South part is subtropical. As well as the temperature dramatically raises and it’s too hot and dry during Summer months.
Moreover, Namangan is said to be on the northern part of Fergana valley and situated on 450 meters highness from the river. It is bounded on the North by Kasansay, Yangikurgan, on the East by Uychi, on the South by Namangan district and on the West by Namangan and Turakurgan districts. Namangan city while being the centre of Namangan region occupies 101,5 sq km, 1,57 sq km of it is given for sowing, 23,27 sq km is for living, 2,34 sq km is grove, 1,52 is summer pasture, 0,13 sq km is wood, 62,24 sq km is road, stream and etc. According to 1st January 2011 year’s information the population of the city reached to 451,0 thousand. Up to now, there are 81 city block citizens’ union, 105 504 houses and 116 905 families. More 20 nationality representatives live here. Besides, 95,9 percent of the population consists of the Uzbek and density is 5433 people are for a sq km.
According to historian and specialist in literature Ahmad Ubaydullo, Namangan was known as a city even in the 10th century too. Definitely, this issue is to be investigated as meticulously as possible in order to be officially declared. Not only does Ahmad Ubaydullo but also an unknown traveler writes that more than 70 different cities, including Namangan city were present in Fergana valley 2000 years ago. History says that Fergana valley as well as Namangan city were two the greatest territories of Central Asia in the 4th-2nd centuries BC. Though, habitants basically grew cotton, rice plant, cereal crops, you can find facts about growing fruits such as grape and cattle-raising. Moreover, domestic and foreign trade flourished and relations with other countries do too. Consequently, urbanization and handiwork rapidly developed. Due to ruining earthquake in 1620 Akhsikent got demolished thoroughly thus, survived people slowly started to settle to current area of the city. Eventually Namangan city sprang up. As a conclusion we can deem the city as a descendent of ancient Akhsikent. An irrigation ditch “Yangi arik” that was built in 1818-1821 years was of great importance in progress of the city. Every family got involved in building the stream, thanks to what in three years the mission was done. Not only was Namangan famous in Asia but also in Europe by its handicrafts, jewelers, artists, painters, blacksmiths and weavers. Since the city was located in The Great Silk Road its traders exported and imported their products to Bukxara or China. Subsequently, via that close contact with foreign countries culture was upgraded too.
Later on in 1912 as a result of newly constructed railway between Namangan and Kokand it became the centre of industry in Turkistan. Moreover, education and medicine spheres developed besides that Namangan was on the first place with the number of schools and madrasa ( traditional Islamic school).
There are lots of sightseeing like Madrasa Mulla Kirgiz, Mosques of Ota Valixon Tura and Sheyh Isxok Eshon, Mausoleum Mulla Bozor Ohund, Mausoleum Kxoja Amin and On Bir Akhmad premises still keep the spirit of history.
Nevertheless, Namangan is motherland of talented poet Boborakhim Mashrab. Especially, his personality was fastidiously explored during the years of independence and it led to the building of Mausoleum Mulla Bozor Ohund who was had been his master. As well as 50 hectare land was dedicated for Mashrab and an enormously beautiful culture and recreation park honoring Boborakhim Mashrab was opened. Therefore, Namangan is considered as a native town of popular poets like Abu Rashid Axsikatiy, Nodim Nomongoniy, Usmon Nosir, Rafik Mumin as well as singers and arists like Mukarrama Azizova, Sobir Rakhmonov, Mukhriddin Mansurov, Khabiba Okhunova, Kamoliddin Rakhimov. All along the city Namangan is well known as flowers city. Flowers holiday that yearly takes place for 50 years serves as an apparent evidence for the latter.
Approaching from another angle ushers that essentially big reconstructions and critical improvements had been witnessed in flourishing the city, widening streets, building new block houses in the town after Uzbekistan became independent. Thus, Dustlik, Okhunbobev, Margilan, Navoi, A. Temur and Oromgokh streets were widened. Besides, due to huge reconstruction in airport of Namangan, now it is able to receive even one of the biggest airplanes like “Boing” unceremoniously.